The Famous Monsters & Aliens of Rick Baker
By DAVID WEINER
November 30, 2012
Rick Baker is being honored with a well-deserved Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame today, and the multiple Oscar-winning special makeup effects artist talks to ETonline about his first big break, how An American Werewolf in London would look onscreen today, the inspirations for his wild Men in Black 3 creatures and more.
"I was part of the first generation of kids that grew up in front of the TV -- I was really attracted to the horror films that they'd show on Friday or Saturday nights," the 61-year-old Baker tells us. "I was so fascinated by those monsters. … I just thought, 'That's what I want to do when I grow up.' I was like 10 years old, and I just set my mind to it. And I started teaching myself how to do it. There weren't schools then, and there was very little information then, but I figured it out."
The surprisingly humble California native has won seven Best Achievement in Makeup Oscars (for such films as American Werewolf, How the Grinch Stole Christmas, Ed Wood and Men in Black) out of a total of 12 nominations, and will also be entered in the Guinness World Records Book for most Oscar wins and noms in that category. In fact, the category was created by the Motion Picture Academy in honor of Baker's extraordinary work on 1981's American Werewolf.
One of Baker's first big breaks came from American Werewolf director John Landis, who hired the talented young artist to create a monster for his low-budget 1973 horror movie Schlock after well-known Planet of the Apes make-up artist John Chambers turned him down. Legendary Halloween mask maker Don Post also turned Landis down, but recommended Baker, who would regularly buy latex and polyurethane foam from Don Post Studios to fabricate homemade creations.
"[Landis] wanted basically what he kept saying was a crappy gorilla suit," says Baker with a laugh. "John called me up out of the blue, drove out to Covina, and went into my little bedroom workshop -- I grew up in a very lower-middle class, little teeny bedroom where I made all my stuff -- it was full of monsters, and he basically flipped out at the stuff that I had. He said, 'I've seen the stuff that the professional guys are doing, and your stuff is as good as them, and you're like, how old are you?' So I did John's first movie."
Ten years later Landis had become a name director with such movies as Animal House and The Blues Brothers, and secured the financing for American Werewolf. Baker recalls, "[Landis] said, 'I want to do a transformation unlike what's been done before. It just doesn't make sense to me that when your body was going to transform like that, that you would sit in a chair like [original Wolf Man] Lon Chaney, Jr. and be perfectly still until he transformed.' He goes, 'I want to show the pain, I want to show what this body is going through, what's happening, and it's going to be my next movie and I want you to do it and you've got to figure out a way to do it.' It's like, okay! … And it's what really changed things."
Baker became a pioneer in his field, but has of course had to adapt with the changing technological times. "If American Werewolf was made in this day and age it would all be CGI," he says with a hint of resignation. "It's definitely taken away the animatronic part of my job, even though we did make some animatronic stuff in Men in Black. … I embrace the technology, but what I don't like about it is I think it's just made for sloppy filmmaking. The fix-it-in-post attitude is so prevalent in moviemaking now. It makes people not have to think about things. In American Werewolf we thought about everything in advance, we planned it out, we made storyboards, so I knew what to make."
Perhaps Baker's biggest crowning achievement, even more than winning multiple Academy Awards, was the first time he saw himself in the magazine that first got him interested in the craft behind the camera as a young boy: Famous Monsters of Filmland. "I really felt like I made it, you know?" says the silver-ponytailed artist with a child-like smile. "I still think that's the most excited I've ever been about any article that's been written on me, because it was my magazine, and it was the one that I was so fond of."
Baker's Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located right next to friend and Oscar-winning Visual Effects icon Dennis Murin's star, which he finds "really exciting. … [Dennis, visual effects colleague Ken Ralston and I] were all like these teenage kids that found each other with similar interests and hoped that someday we could work on a movie, and we managed to all work on some pretty amazing movies, you know? … I've had so many surreal experiences in my lifetime pursuing my hobby."
For Men in Black 3, director Barry Sonnenfeld pretty much gave Baker free reign to create a rogue's gallery of aliens and creatures to populate both the foreground and background action. Designing a total of 127 creations gave the artist an opportunity to pay homage to the favorite B-movie baddies of his youth.
"You could basically name any film that was done from 1950 to 1970 or beyond that was a science fiction film and we paid some kind of homage to it," he says, "And a lot of them were films that people wouldn't even know unless they read Famous Monsters, or grew up in front of the same movies on TV as I did: Invasion of the Saucer Men, This Island Earth, The Day the Earth Stood Still, Invaders from Mars, Outer Limits, you name it."
So what’s next for Rick Baker? He designed Angelina Jolie's makeup for the upcoming Malificent, and he's been doing a lot of painting: "I've really been having fun; I'm kind of at the point in my career where I only want to work when it's something I really want to do," he says. "I've painted a lot of things in my life. … I decided I really should paint all the classic monsters that inspired me. So I did 13 paintings for [an upcoming] show. I'm really excited about them. And I'm really looking forward to see people's response."
Baker's Classic Monsters show (a group effort alongside close to 30 artists, including Rob Zombie) debuts this weekend through the end of December at Halloween Town in Burbank, CA, while his latest onscreen creations can be seen on the Men in Black 3 Blu-ray, out now.